IELTS Writing Task 1
The weight of fruit produced by a farm (2 Graphs)
The first graph below shows the weight (in tonnes) of fruit produced by a farm during each month in 2013, and also the amount (in tonnes) of fertiliser used. The second graph shows the volume of rainfall in each month (in millimetres).
- Write a report summarising the information. Select and describe the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
How to answer this essay?
- Introduce the graphs.
- You can give a brief paraphrase of the Task introduction, and then deal with each chart in turn. You can identify the trend in chart 1 (fruit increases as fertiliser decreases) and use a small selection of figures to describe this, making it clear that you see the trend (“this seasonal pattern is largely reversed. . ”). You can make it clear that you understand this is a ‘movement’ type Task by using the past simple to describe the changes. You can identify the second trend (fertiliser use follows rainfall levels) and select key figures to demonstrate this.
- Describe each change on the graph in a separate paragraph.
- You can make it clear which charts you are discussing (“We can see . . . looking at . . . regarding”) and use a variety of vocabulary to describe movements (decline/rise/dip/fall etc). You can use marked/slightly/steadily/rapidly etc. to show that you understand the rate of the changes. You can also use phrases such as reversed and by contrast to emphasise the comparison of the patterns.
- Write the summary sentence and check your work.
- The summary reinforces the trend among the 3 elements (fruit, fertiliser and rainfall).
Model Answer | Marked as Band 8
Cohesive connecting words that improve coherence in writing . Useful less common words that boost fluency in writing .
- The charts give information regarding the tonnage of fruit produced in a farm per month in 2013, the fertiliser used and the monthly rainfall in that year.
We can see that fruit production rose steadily from just over 2 tonnes in January to a peak of roughly 4.2 tonnes by August. Output then fell rapidly, declining to around the initial 2 tonne mark in December. However, looking at fertiliser use, we see that this seasonal pattern is largely reversed: the most fertiliser (just under 1 tonne) was utilised in April, followed by a marked decline to zero in June and July. Fertiliser consumption then increased slightly in the autumn, rising to a total of around 0.7 tonnes before dipping to just below 0.5 tonnes at year end.
- Regarding rainfall, this appears to reflect the use of fertiliser, with an early high of 16mm in February, falling consistently to 4mm in July, August and September. Rainfall then increased steadily to reach 14mm in December.
In summary, this farm generally employed the most fertiliser at seasons of high rainfall, and by contrast it produced the most fruit when both rainfall and fertiliser use were around their lowest.