IELTS Writing Topics | Government and Society

IELTS Writing Topics | Government and Society
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What governments can do

  • Governments provide public services like healthcare and education.
  • They support people who are living in poverty or unable to work.
  • Governments raise money by taxing working people.
  • They can spend money on resources and campaigns.
  • They can introduce new laws.
  • They can impose taxes.
  • They can raise people’s awareness of issues (e.g.
  • climate change/healthy eating).
  • They can influence people’s habits and opinions.
  • They can create jobs.
  • They can regulate the activities of companies such as banks.
  • They can provide resources for schools.
  • They are also responsible for the security and well-being of their citizens.
  • They control armed forces and police forces.

Public Services

  • Governments pay the salaries of public sector workers like police officers and teachers.
  • The necessary money is raised by taxing people’s income.
  • Free education and healthcare may be provided by the state.
  • Some governments control public transport systems and even TV channels.
  • In other countries, these services are provided by private companies.
  • Some people believe that competition between private companies is good.
  • It helps to improve quality while bringing prices down.
  • Other people think that essential services should be free.
  • Governments should pay for them.

Opinions about Censorship

  • Governments can censor what the public sees or reads in the media.
  • To a certain extent censorship is necessary.
  • We should use censorship to protect children from violent images.
  • Some computer games involve killing people or committing crimes.
  • The Internet also needs to be controlled.
  • Many websites show pornography and violence.
  • There should be age limits for websites and computer games.
  • Parents need to take responsibility for checking what their children watch.
  • It is impossible for governments to control everything we see.

Video Cameras in Public Places

  • The use of CCTV is becoming widespread.
  • Video cameras have been installed in many public places.
  • They are supposed to protect us and deter criminals.
  • Many people think that this surveillance violates our privacy.
  • The authorities could build databases with our pictures and identities.
  • We should not be treated like criminals.

Positives of Smart Cards

  • Governments will probably introduce a digital identification card system.
  • Smart cards will have benefits and drawbacks.
  • They could help to reduce crime.
  • They could hold personal information, such as DNA.
  • Digital bank cards could contain fingerprint information.
  • It would be very difficult for criminals to use a stolen card.
  • It would be easier for police to identify people and catch criminals.

Negatives of Smart Cards

  • Many people are worried about losing their privacy.
  • Governments could store all our personal and medical information.
  • This information could be used by insurance companies.
  • Employers could check our health records.

People with Disabilities

  • People with disabilities should be treated the same as everybody else.
  • They should have the same rights as other people.
  • They should have access to the same jobs as other citizens.
  • Discrimination against disabled people is illegal in many countries.
  • Ramps and lifts for wheelchairs should be installed in public buildings.
  • Support teachers can be employed to help children with learning difficulties.
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