IELTS Writing Topics | Environment

IELTS Writing Topics | Environment
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Global Warming

  • Gases such as carbon dioxide trap heat from the sun.
  • This causes global temperatures to rise.
  • This process is known as the greenhouse effect.
  • Human activity is a major factor in the rise of the greenhouse gases.
  • Factories and vehicles produce emissions and exhaust fumes.
  • Many developing countries are becoming industrialised.
  • The number of cars on our streets is growing.
  • Cheap air travel is allowing more people to fly.

Effects of Global Warming

  • Global warming will have a significant impact on our planet.
  • Rising temperatures will cause melting of the polar ice caps.
  • Sea levels will rise.
  • We can expect more extreme weather conditions.
  • Flooding and droughts may become more common.

Impact of Humans on the Environment

  • The increasing world population is putting pressure on natural resources.
  • Fossil fuels like oil and gas are running out.
  • We are destroying wildlife habitats.
  • We have cut down enormous areas of rainforest.
  • This has led to the extinction of many species of animals and plants.

Solutions to Environment Problems

  • Governments could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories.
  • They should invest in renewable energy from solar, wind or water power.
  • They could impose “green taxes” on drivers and airline companies.
  • Government campaigns should promote recycling.
  • Natural areas and wild animals should be protected.
  • Individuals should also try to be greener.
  • We should take fewer flights abroad for holidays.
  • We should take public transport rather than driving.
  • We should choose products with less packaging.
  • We should recycle as much as possible.

Waste / Rubbish

  • The amount of waste we produce has increased.
  • This problem is a result of our consumer culture.
  • Products are not made to last.
  • If something breaks, we throw it away and buy a new one.
  • Advertisers encourage us to buy the newest fashions.
  • Packaging is an important part of selling.
  • Most foods are sold in non-biodegradable plastic packaging.
  • The amount of household waste is growing.
  • This waste ends up in landfill sites.
  • People do not think about the consequences of dropping rubbish.
  • They assume that somebody is paid to clean the streets.
  • Plastic packaging does not break down easily.
  • Most of the litter seen on streets is fast food packaging.

Recycling and Other Solutions

  • Companies should make goods that last longer.
  • They should not use so much packaging.
  • Governments should be stricter about waste produced by companies.
  • They should put legal limits on packaging.
  • Consumers should avoid buying over-packaged products.
  • We should recycle and reuse useful materials.
  • There are collection banks for glass, paper and plastic bottles.
  • Households can use several rubbish bins to separate waste.
  • Recycling saves energy and raw materials.

Positives of Nuclear Power

  • There are several benefits to building more nuclear power stations.
  • Fossil fuels like oil and gas are running out.
  • Nuclear power is a relatively sustainable energy source.
  • It can be used to produce electricity without wasting natural resources.
  • It could replace the use of natural resources like coal, oil or gas.
  • Nuclear power stations are cleaner than fossil fuel power stations.
  • They could help to reduce carbon emissions that cause global warming.
  • The risks of accidents are being reduced.

Negatives of Nuclear Power

  • Opponents of nuclear power worry about the safety of power stations.
  • The building of new nuclear power stations is unpopular.
  • Nobody wants to live near one.
  • Nuclear waste disposal is a significant problem.
  • There is currently no way to decontaminate radioactive material.
  • People worry that terrorists could steal radioactive materials.
  • It is safer to produce energy from solar, wind or water power.
IELTS Writing Task 2 | Pollution of rivers, lakes and seas is a major concern
IELTS Writing Task 2 | Pollution of rivers, lakes and seas is a major concern

Pollution of rivers, lakes and seas is a major concern for people who seek to protect the environment. What are the possible causes of water pollution, and what effects does this have on animal life and human society?

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