IELTS Writing Task 1
The life cycle of the salmon (2 Diagrams)

The diagrams below show the life cycle of a species of large fish called the salmon.
  • Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
IELTS Writing Task 1 - Diagram Essay

How to answer this essay?
 Locations in the life cycle of  the salmon for ordering

IELTS Writing Task 1 - Diagram Essay

Stages of  the salmon for matching

IELTS Writing Task 1 - Diagram Essay

 Transition signals of Chronological order (time markers)

  • Subordinating conjunctions
  • after / as, just as / as long as / as soon as /  by the time / before / since / until / when / while
  • Adverbs
  • first, first of all / second, third, etc. / last, last of all / meanwhile / in the meantime / at this/that time / afterwards, after that / then / subsequently / previously 
  • Other (adjectives, prepositions, verbs) 
  • the first... / the second... / the third... / the next.... / another... / the last... / the final... ; before / during / after; begin / start /  finish / end (up)

Model Answer | Marked as Band 8
Cohesive connecting words that improve coherence in writing . Useful less common words that boost fluency in writing .
  • Salmon begin life as eggs on a pebbly riverbed, hidden among reeds in the slow-moving upper reaches of a river. After five to six months the eggs hatch into ‘fry’. For approximately the next four years, these baby salmon will live in the lower, faster-flowing waters of their river. During this time they measure between three and eight centimetres in length.
  • By the time salmon reach twelve to fifteen centimetres, they are termed ‘smolt’, and at this time they migrate further downriver into the open sea. After five years at sea the salmon will have grown to adult size, which is between seventy and seventy-six centimetres. They then begin swimming back to their birthplace, where they will lay their eggs, and the cycle starts anew.
  • In summary, the salmon passes through three distinct physical stages as it grows to maturity. Each of these stages takes place in a very different aquatic location. It is noteworthy that the first two stages of this fish’s life occur in a freshwater environment, while the third stage is lived in saltwater.
177 words

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SanazSep 03, 2023
The diagram shows the natural cycle of salmon fish. overall, there are 3 stages in the cycle, beginning with laying eggs among the reeds underwater.The lifecycle of salmon fish begins with laying eggs among small stones and reeds under the water of the upper river where the water flow is slow. this stage lasts 5-6 months. after this time the eggs hatch into 'fry' which is a term for baby salmon. their length is about 3-8 cm in this phase. these baby salmon move to the lower rivers with fast-flowing water and stay there for 4 years. By the time salmon reach 12-15 cm, they are termed 'smolt'. at this time they migrate to the open sea and when they become mature, their length reaches 70-76 cm. The adult salmon return to their birthplace in the upper river to lay eggs and the cycle starts anew.
Emily JohnMar 17, 2023
Very educative
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