IELTS Writing Topics | Global Issues

IELTS Writing Topics | Global Issues
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Problems in Developing Countries

  • Developing countries face a range of problems.
  • Standards of healthcare and education are low.
  • Life expectancy is usually lower than in developed countries.
  • There is a lack of infrastructure, employment and good quality housing.
  • Many people are forced to live in poverty.
  • Food, drinking water and basic medicines are in short supply.

How to Help Developing Countries

  • The best form of help for developing countries is development aid.
  • Richer nations can help by investing in long-term projects.
  • Governments and charities can help by building new houses and schools.
  • Globalisation may also help developing countries.
  • Multi-national companies are creating jobs in developing countries.
  • On the other hand, many people emigrate to find work in richer countries.
  • They often send money back home to their families.
  • This money helps to improve the standard of living in developing countries.


  • Some people move to another country in search of a better life.
  • Many immigrants come from less developed countries.
  • Richer, industrialised countries may offer opportunities for employment.
  • Free healthcare and schooling are available in some developed countries.
  • Other people migrate to a foreign country to improve their academic qualifications.

Positives of Immigration and Multi-Cultural Societies

  • From an economic perspective, immigration can be extremely positive.
  • Many immigrants have skills that are needed in the country they move to.
  • Immigrants who find work contribute to the economy of their new country.
  • Many immigrants send money home to help family members.
  • Immigration also creates cultural diversity.
  • People of many different nationalities learn to live together.
  • This can help people to become more open-minded and tolerant.

Negatives of Immigration

  • Some people believe that immigrants take jobs that should go to local people.
  • Some immigrant workers work longer hours for less money.
  • Companies might pay lower salaries to immigrant workers.
  • Unemployment rates could rise if there are too many immigrants.

Opinions about Immigration

  • Immigration can help the economy of a country.
  • It can create multi-cultural societies.
  • However, immigration needs to be controlled.
  • In many countries, immigrants need visas or work permits.
  • Governments should stop companies from exploiting immigrant workers.
  • Foreign and local workers should have the right to equal pay and conditions.

Positives of Globalisation

  • Business is becoming increasingly international.
  • Multi-national companies do business across the world.
  • Companies like MacDonald’s can be seen on high streets in most cities.
  • Goods are produced in one country and sold in many others.
  • A global economy means free trade between countries.
  • This can strengthen political relationships.
  • Globalisation can also create opportunities for employment.
  • It encourages investment in less developed countries.
  • It could reduce poverty in the developing world.

Negatives of Globalisation

  • Globalisation is not always beneficial to everyone.
  • Companies can move to countries where labour is cheap.
  • This creates redundancies, or job losses.
  • Employees cannot be confident that they have stable jobs.
  • Companies sometimes exploit their employees in developing countries.
  • Global trade creates more waste and pollution.

The Future of Globalisation

  • There should be global regulations for salaries and working conditions.
  • Governments should impose laws to protect the environment.
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