IELTS Writing Topics | Guns and Weapons

IELTS Writing Topics | Guns and Weapons
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Why guns should be

  • In some countries, people are allowed to own firearms.
  • Individuals have the right to protect themselves.
  • People can use guns in self defence.
  • This deters criminals.

Why gun ownership should be illegal

  • There is a risk of accidents with guns.
  • The number of violent crimes increases when guns are available.
  • Criminals may be armed.
  • The police then need to use guns.
  • Suicide rates have been shown to rise when guns are available.
  • Guns create violent societies with high murder rates.

Why police should use guns

  • Many criminals use weapons.
  • The threat of a gun can deter criminals.
  • Police officers can force a criminal to surrender.
  • It is easier to arrest someone and avoid physical violence.
  • The police may shoot violent criminals in self defence.
  • They can protect the public.
  • They can shoot an escaping criminal who poses a serious danger to the public.

Why police should not carry guns

  • There is a risk of accidents and mistakes.
  • The police might shoot an unarmed criminal or an innocent person.
  • Accidents can happen in public places.
  • There are several alternatives to guns (e.g. tear gas, sprays and electric shock weapons).
  • Only special police units should use guns.

Positives of Arms Trade

  • Governments of rich, industrialized countries sell arms to each other
  • This industry creates jobs and wealth
  • The trade of weapons may improve relationships between governments

Negatives of Arms Trade

  • Weapons may be used in conflicts and wars.
  • The supply of arms could be responsible for deaths.
  • Governments are promoting war in order to make a profit.
  • Rich countries can influence the politics of other nations.

Nuclear Weapons

  • Nuclear weapons are capable of destroying whole cities.
  • A nuclear war between two countries would destroy both countries.
  • Nuclear weapons are used as a deterrent.
  • They prevent wars from starting.

Opinions about Nuclear Weapons

  • Nuclear weapons should be prohibited.
  • Governments should limit the production of nuclear weapons.
  • There is a danger of nuclear weapons being obtained by terrorists.
  • Nuclear weapons cannot be used against terrorist organisations.

Positives of Armed Forces

  • Armed forces provide security and protection.
  • They deter military attack by another country.
  • They can also be used to maintain peace within countries.
  • They can be used to give the police extra support.
  • Soldiers are also used to help in emergency situations, such as after a natural disaster.

Negatives of Armed Forces

  • Armies require a lot of funding from governments.
  • Too much money is spent on weapons and military technology.
  • This money could be spent on schools, hospitals and other public services.
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